Cancer

How to spot and treat colorectal cancer

Ways to spot and treat colorectal cancer
Ways to spot and treat colorectal cancer (iStock)

After a twenty-year period in which the development of colorectal cancer among white Americans under the age of 55 was reported as declining, new evidence shows an increase in the disease. A recent study conducted by the American Cancer Society, using data from the National Center for Health Statistics, uncovered this worrying development and experts are urging an increase in awareness of the disease to help combat the rise.

Colorectal cancer describes colon cancer and bowel cancer. They typically occur in the lower part of the large intestine and are accompanied by a range of symptoms. If caught early, there’s a 50 percent chance that treatment will be a complete success. Late diagnosis often results in a less positive outcome.

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Causes of colorectal cancer

Over the years, medical research experts have discovered the causes of different types of cancers and other serious illnesses. Many causes are connected with diet and lifestyle, but there are some that are less obvious or easy to alter.

When it comes to colon cancer and bowel cancer, causes of the debilitating disease include:

  • A diet high in saturated fats and low in fiber
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Excessive intake of alcohol
  • Old age
  • Family history of colon cancer or bowel cancer
  • Polyps in your rectum or the lowers parts of your large intestine
  • History of irritable bowel illness such as colitis and crohns disease

Common symptoms

To help raise awareness of the disease and give you a better understanding of when you should be concerned, here are the most common symptoms of colon and bowel cancer:

  • More frequent visits to the toilet, without any significant changes in your lifestyle
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Blood in stools (feces)
  • Feeling as though your bowel isn’t empty, even after going to the toilet
  • A bloated abdomen
  • Feeling full, even…