Rare Diseases

Medical mystery: Rare diseases that still puzzle doctors

Medical mystery: Rare diseases that still puzzle doctors
Patients who are diagnosed with Brugada syndrome (BS) usually experience cardiac arrest (SCA) and arrhythmia when they have a high fever, consume alcohol, and, more frequently, during their night sleep.

The world of science and medical has come a long way with the help of advanced technology. There are still some mysteries, though, that have rocked the medical world – as doctors continue their quest to find ways to cure diseases which they do not understand. Here are three rare diseases that have puzzled doctors.

1. Brugada Syndrome: Cardiac rhythm disorder

In general, eating hot dogs are not considered healthy; but what happened to a nine-year boy after he had just one bite was truly unexpected: His heart stopped! As it turned out, the boy suffered from Brugada Syndrome (BS) – a rare condition with symptoms like sudden cardiac arrest and fainting.

The incident happened in school when the nine-year boy fainted after taking one bite of a hot dog. Though many thought that he choked from that one bite, it was discovered later that his vagus nerve (a function of the heart and gastrointestinal system) changed his heartbeat.

What is Brugada Syndrome?

Though there is limited research available on Brugada Syndrome, it has been found that this condition is inherited and that it has the ability to make the heart go into an irregular rhythm. Other more serious symptoms include seizures, sudden death and fainting.

Who are affected?

So far, research data shows that BS affects more men than women. The average age of diagnosis is said to be 40; but there have been cases whereby young children and even newborns are diagnosed with BS.

Experts claim that not all cases of BS patients are the same. Some patients have not shown any symptoms at all. It has also been discovered that patients, who are affected with the fainting symptoms, think that it’s just a common fainting spell.

Pam Husband, president and executive director of the Canadian Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes (SADS) Foundation, explains that “it’s all about the adrenaline surge [and] the heart. If you have symptoms, go to a family doctor and request a cardiac assessment in a medical centre familiar with the disorder.”

2. Instant and extreme paranoia

Emily Gavigan was a sophomore at the University of Scranton when she started showing signs of a bizarre and disturbed behaviour. It all started in 2008 when Emily’s parents noticed that she started rambling and talking about things that didn’t make any sense.

She was convinced that something terrible was going to happen to them….